How Do Hormones Affect Hunger
Ever noticed how you're more hungry during certain times of the month than others? Or how if you haven't slept well you need to eat more the following day? This isn't all in the mind, it is in fact, down to your hormones.
The 2 main hormones that are related to hunger are ghrelin, which usually indicates hunger, and lepton, which indicates feeling satisfied or full. Although these are the key hormone players relating to hunger, research suggests that there are many hormones that relate to hunger and our metabolism. These hormones play a huge role in weight loss and our mood.
When we eat, different hormones are released. These hormones vary with different foods, and also with different people. This is why some people can eat and eat without gaining weight, and others have a constant battle with their weight, despite constantly dieting. There are of course other factors, including exercise and genetics, but hormones play their part too.
Hormones insulin, cortisol and thyroid are the main hormones that help to control and regulate our metabolism. Insulin levels are impacted by what we eat. Insulin 'decides' whether we need energy instantly or whether to store excess sugar as fat. We need to get the balance of food groups correct to ensure we are of a healthy weight and to ensure our bodies can deal with the amount of sugar we are ingesting.
Thyroid imbalance can often lead to a sudden increase or decrease of weight. Thyroid are often blamed if a woman puts weight on suddenly, without an obvious reason as to why this may have happened. Thyroid hormones can accelerate and decelerate metabolism.
Cortisol is a stress hormone, and is so powerful, that it can override all other hormones. Cortisol is the reason why, if we're stressed, it is near on impossible to lose weight. This hormone, cleverly albeit annoyingly sometimes, allows your body to hold on to excess fat to ensure you have some emergency stores in a stressful situation. If your cortisol levels are higher than they need to be, no diet should prove to be successful for you.
Lepton and ghrelin production can be altered by a hormone called melatonin. Melatonin production can be affected by sleep deprivation, which explains why, after a sleepless night, you'll often find yourself over indulging the next day. This is one of a number of reasons why lack of sleep can affect a diet plan, so it's well worth catching those zzz's.
Have you ever experienced a drop in mood when feeling hungry? Often referred to as hangry, a combination of hungry and angry; some people become snappy when they are overdue a feed. The reason for this is because your brain is highly dependent on glucose for functioning. As your glucose levels start to drop, so may your mood. You may also find yourself slurring your words, struggling to concentrate and making silly mistakes in this situation. Controlling your diet will control your mood, weight and overall health.